Aboothar Ha. Al-Edhari1, Muthik A.Guda2, Hayder Ra. Kshkool3, Naser Jawad Kadhim4
Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq1, 2
Department of Horticulture & Landscaping, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa, Iraq3.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq4
This study conducted to investigate the complete sequences of plastid TRN L-F gene, which were determined for five species of Cephalaria Caprifoliaceae in Iraq to infer phylogenetic relationships. Dipsacus laciniatus used as out groups. Cluster analysis using PhyDE-1 and mega6 yielded Maximum Likelihood trees and UPGMA with high supported (bootstrapping) clade. Both trees showed C. dichaetophore and C.etosa forming the two most basal lineage in dendrogram. The other Cephalaria species divided into two clade .The first clade occupied by C.
syriaca alone, while the last clade gathered C. stapfii and C. paphlagonica. Monophylly of each clade is well supported. Relationships among Cephalaria species clear based on molecular data in Iraq.
Key words: Cephalonia, Schrader ex Roemer, schultes, Caprifoliaceae, Molecular Study