الرئيسية / Uncategorised / Determination of Alpha Particles Levels in Blood Samples of Cancer Patients at Karbala Governorate, Iraq

Determination of Alpha Particles Levels in Blood Samples of Cancer Patients at Karbala Governorate, Iraq

Adhraa Baqir Hassan1
, Ahmed Abdul Hadi Mohsen2
, Hussien Abid Ali Mraity3
, Ali Abid
Abojassim3*
1. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq
2. Ibn Hayan University, Medical College, Pediatric Department, Iraq
3. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kufa, Iraq
A R T I C L E I N F O A B S T R A C T
Article type:
Original Article
Introduction: Alpha particle emitters are very damaging and harmful when entering into the human body ,if
ingested or inhaled , swallowed or absorbed into the lungs or bloodstream . Uranium (238U), Radium (226Ra)
and Radon (222Rn) are typical alpha-particle emitters.
Material and Methods: we measured the level of alpha particles emitted from 222Rn, 226Ra, and 238U in blood
samples of 10 cancer patients diagnosed using solid-state nuclear track detector. The samples were collected
from hospitals located in Karbala Governorate of Iraq. This study was carried out between October and
December 2017. Alpha particles concentrations of the collected blood samples were estimated in patient and
control groups.
Results: The mean concentrations of radon, radium, and uranium concentration were 64.3±25.92 Bq/m3
,
3.1±1.24 Bq/kg and 1.4±0.58 ppm, respectively. Also, the results showed that radon concentrations, activity
concentrations of radon, radium concentrations, and uranium concentrations were significantly higher in the
patient group compared to the controls (P<0.05).
Conclusion: It was found that radon concentrations in all the studied blood samples were within the allowed
limit according to International Commission on Radiological Protection and International Atomic Energy
Agency (200 Bq/m3
), except for sample C4(male, type of cancer is colon) that had a value of 265.15±18.94
Bq/m3

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