الرئيسية / الفعاليات العلمية / Radiation Pollution and Cancer Risks in Sulaimaniyah and Ninawa Cities, Iraq

Radiation Pollution and Cancer Risks in Sulaimaniyah and Ninawa Cities, Iraq

Sadie A. Menkhi1, Falah H. Shanoon2 and B. A. Almayahi3*
1
Department of Geography, College of Arts, Baghdad University, Iraq.
2
Department of Geography, College of Arts, Kufa University, Iraq.
3
Department of Ecology, College of Science, Kufa University, Iraq.
Authors’ contributions
This work was carried out in collaboration between all authors. Author SAM designed the study,
performed the statistical analysis, wrote the protocol and wrote the first draft of the manuscript.
Authors FHS and BAA managed the analyses of the study. Author BAA managed the literature
searches. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Article Information
DOI: 10.9734/ARRB/2017/36640
Editor(s):
(1) Eugene A. Silow, Institute of Biology, Chair of invertebrate zoology and aquatic ecology
Sukhe-Baator str., 5, Irkutsk, 664003, Russia.
(2) George Perry, Dean and Professor of Biology, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA.
Reviewers:
(1) Umar Afegbua Kadiri, Centre for Geodesy and Geodynamics, Nigeria.
(2) R. D. Mavunda, South Africa.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/21423
Received 5th September 2017
Accepted 10
th October 2017
Published 16
th October 2017
ABSTRACT
Pollution is the entry of contaminants into the environment or ecosystem which causes adverse
change. The severe cases of radiation contamination lead to changes in DNA leading to genetic
mutation, as happened in Hiroshima and Nakzaki in Japan and Chernobyl. Radioactive
contamination in Iraq was resulted in the recent wars (1991-2015), because of uranium munitions. It
is led to serious environmental and health disasters such as cancer, leukemia, and birth defects.
The Iraqi Ministry of Environment has indicated that more than 300 sites in Iraq were polluted by
mercury pesticides, heavy metals, polyol, chlorine, and depleted uranium, because of the
abandoned weapons in some parts of Iraq from the remnants of the wars that have occurred in the
Iraq.
Keywords: Radioactivity; DNA; pollution; uranium

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