Home / Scientific activities / Articles / Estimated the concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K in flour samples of Iraq markets

Estimated the concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K in flour samples of Iraq markets

Shaymaa Awad Kadhim(1) , Shatha F.Alhous(2),Ahmed shaker Hussein (3) ,Hayder H. Hussein(4), Azhar S.Alaboodi(5)

(1,4,5)Department of Physics /Faculty of Science/ University of Kufa/Iraq
Department of Physics /Faculty of education for girls / University of Kufa/ Najaf/Iraq(2)
Department of basic science-college of dentistry-university of Babylon –Iraq(3)

*1Email: shaymaa.alshebly@uokufa.edu.iq
*2Email: shathaf.alfatlawi@uokufa.edu.iq

Abstract . Flour is a nutritious type of food that is widely consumed by various age groups in
Iraq. This study investigates the presence of long-lived gamma emitters in dif f erent type of
flour in Iraqi market. Uranium (238U), Thorium (232Th) and Potassium (40K) specific activity in
) were estimated in (15) unique kinds of flours that are accessible in I ra qi m arkets.
The gamma spectrometry method with a NaI(Tl) detector has been utilized f or ra diometric
measurements. Likewise right now have determined the internal hazard index.It is found that
the specific activity in Flour samples were varied from (13.73±1.89) Bq.kg-1

to (2.60±0.30)

Bq.kg-1 with an average (8.75) Bq.kg-1

for 238U, For 232Th From (67.79±0.44) Bq.kg-1

(9.96±0.14) Bq.kg-1 with an average (21.88)Bq.kg-1

and for 40K from (2680.74 ± 23.60) Bq.kg-

to (283.70±3.41) Bq.kg-1 with an average (133.09) Bq.kg-1

. Also, it is found that the Outdoor
and indoor annual effective absorbed dose equivalent also (Hin) hazard indices was
(0.302±0.014) and average annual committed effective dose(0.2205±0.030) mSv.y- 1
in the
flour samples.This study prove that the natural radioactivity and radiation danger records
were low also estimated cancer risk has no significant health hazard in Iraqi Flour.

Keywords: Hazard indices, Gamma spectrometry, Flour, Iraq.


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