International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 9, Issue 8, Augsut-2018 357
IJSER © 2018
Diagnosis of Pediatric Visceral
Leishmaniasis by Immunochromatographic
strip test (ICT) in Mid-Euphrates Area,
RashaAmer Noori Al- Tufaili, Rand Muhammed Abdul-Hussain Al-Hussaini, Raed Ali Hussein
Abstract—Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) . It is a disease caused by species of Leishmania
donovani . Leishmaniasis is still one of the world’s most neglected diseases, affecting largely the
developing countries. VL is widely spread in different parts of Iraq, which is regarded as an
endemic place, especially in the middle and south parts, the main reasons are due to adaptation
of the vector sand fly in these areas.
This study was carried out during the period from January 2012 to March 2013. Five
hundred and eighty seven children aged 1- 60 months were admitted to paediatric ward of
Pediatric and Maternal Hospitals of Al- Najaf, Babil, Karbala, and Al-Qadisiyyah provinces
with confirmed or clinically suspected visceral leishmaniasis were included; most of them had
clinical manifestation of fever, hepatosplenomegaly, weight loss, Leukopenia, and anemia. The
diagnosis was under the supervision of paediatrician from each hospital.
This study was evaluated Immunochromatographic strip test (ICT). ICT gave 46.84% positive
results with sensitivity and specificity of 100%.
Index Terms—Visceral leishmaniasis ,Kala-azar, Leishmania donovani, Pediatric Visceral,
Immunochromatographic strip test (ICT ).